Laws Regarding Hate Crimes

California's Civil and Criminal Laws Pertaining to Hate Crimes


  • PENAL CODE SECTION 422.6 (a):

    Provides it is a misdemeanor to interfere by force or threat of force with a person’s state or federal statutory or constitutional rights because of his or her race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, disability, gender or sexual orientation or because the victim is perceived to have one or more of these characteristics.

  • PENAL CODE SECTION 422.6 (b):

    Provides it is a misdemeanor to damage a person's property because of his or her race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, disability, gender, or sexual orientation or because it is perceived that he or she has one or more of the above characteristics.

  • PENAL CODE SECTION 422.7:

    Provides that actions which are normally misdemeanors can become felonies if committed because of bigotry based on race color, religion, ancestry, national origin, disability, gender, or sexual orientation or because the victim is perceived to have one or more of the above characteristics.

  • PENAL CODE SECTION 11411:

    Provides that it is a misdemeanor to cause a person to fear for his or her safety by displaying racist signs on the private property of another, without authorization, for the purpose of terrorizing the owner or occupant of that private property or in reckless disregard of the risk of terrorizing them; provides that it is a misdemeanor or a felony to engage in a pattern of conduct for the purpose of terrorizing the owner or occupant of that private property by placing a racist symbol on that property on two or more occasions; and provides that any person who burns or desecrates a cross or other religious symbol, knowing it to be a religious symbol, on the private property of another without authorization for the purpose of terrorizing the owner or occupant or in reckless disregard of terrorizing them, or who burns, desecrates or destroys a cross or other religious symbol, knowing it to be a religious symbol, on the property of a primary school, junior high school or high school, for the purpose of terrorizing any person who attends, works at or is otherwise associated with the school shall be guilty of a felony or misdemeanor.